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oL10 Embedded Modern C++ Programming

  • Discover the modern C++ features
  • Learn the language changes in C++11, C++14, C++17 and C++20
  • Discover the new functionalities added to the standard library
  • Learn advanced modern C++ features like perfect forwarding
  • Moving from traditional C++ to modern C++
  • Emphasizing the essential modern C++ features used in embedded application
Labs are conducted QEMU ARM-based board
  • Theoretical course
    • PDF course material (in English).
    • Course dispensed using the Teams video-conferencing system.
    • The trainer answers trainees' questions during the training and provide technical and pedagogical assistance through the Teams video-conferencing system.
  • Practical activities
    • Practical activities represent from 40% to 50% of course duration.
    • Code examples, exercises and solutions
    • One Online Linux PC per trainee for the practical activities.
    • The trainer has access to trainees' Online PCs for technical and pedagogical assistance.
    • Eclipse environment and GCC compiler.
    • QEMU Emulated board or physical board connected to the online PC (depending on the course).
    • Some Labs may be completed between sessions and are checked by the trainer on the next session.
  • Downloadable preconfigured virtual machine for post-course practical activities
  • At the start of each session the trainer will interact with the trainees to ensure the course fits their expectations and correct if needed
  • Total: 12 hours
  • 2 sessions, 6 hours each (excluding break time)
  • From 40% to 50% of training time is devoted to practical activities
  • Some Labs may be completed between sessions and are checked by the trainer on the next session
  • Any embedded systems engineer or technician with the above prerequisites.
  • The prerequisites indicated above are assessed before the training by the technical supervision of the traineein his company, or by the trainee himself in the exceptional case of an individual trainee.
  • Trainee progress is assessed in two different ways, depending on the course:
    • For courses lending themselves to practical exercises, the results of the exercises are checked by the trainer while, if necessary, helping trainees to carry them out by providing additional details.
    • Quizzes are offered at the end of sections that do not include practical exercises to verifythat the trainees have assimilated the points presented
  • At the end of the training, each trainee receives a certificate attesting that they have successfully completed the course.
    • In the event of a problem, discovered during the course, due to a lack of prerequisites by the trainee a different or additional training is offered to them, generally to reinforce their prerequisites,in agreement with their company manager if applicable.

Course Outline

  • Overview
  • Storage class specifiers
  • Uniform initialization
  • C++ Named Requirements
  • Automatic type deduction
    • The auto keyword
    • The auto keyword as a return type from a function
    • Using auto for declaring function signatures
    • Automatic constant references
    • Forwarding references
    • Advantages of using auto in embedded systems
Exercise:  Using auto to declare variables
  • Enum class
  • override and final
  • Inline variables
  • nullptr
  • static_assert
  • noexcept
  • constexpr and if constexpr
  • decltype
  • Defaulted and deleted functions
    • Implementing a thread-safe singleton
Exercise:  Using modern C++ keywords
Exercise:  Create a singleton using modern C++
  • Structured binding
  • Range-based for loops
  • Nested namespaces and namespace aliases
  • Alignment
    • Alignas
    • Alignof
  • Move semantics and r-value references
    • Copy-constructing and Move-constructing
    • r-value references
    • Perfect forwarding
Exercise:  Using the new for loop syntax
Exercise:  Using std::tuple
Exercise:  Move semantics performance advantages on embedded systems
  • Standard Library
    • std::optional
    • std::variant
    • std::any
    • std::byte
    • std::hash
    • Filesystem library
  • Literals
    • Cooked literals
    • Standard literal operators
    • Raw literals
    • Raw string literals
  • Random number generation
    • Random number generation engines
    • Random number generation distributors
  • Containers
    • std::array
    • std::forward_list
    • Unordered associative containers
Exercise:  Using the new elements added to the standard library
Exercise:  Using std::optional
  • New string Types
    • std::u16string
    • std::u32string
  • Basic string view
  • Converting between numeric and string types
  • Elementary string conversions
  • Input/output manipulators
    • std::get_money, std::put_money
    • std::get_time, std::put_time
    • std::quoted
  • Regular expressions
    • Format of a string
    • Parsing the content of a string
    • Replacing the content of a string
Exercise:  Using String class and String literals
  • Introduction
  • Thread
  • Atomic operations
    • Atomic features
    • Non-class functions
    • Atomic flag
    • Memory order
  • Mutex
    • Avoiding using recursive mutexes
  • Sending notifications between threads
  • Condition variables
  • Future and Promise
  • Task and Async
  • Modern C++ and RTOS
Exercise:  Blink synchronously 4 Leds
  • Syntax of lambdas
  • Defining lambdas
  • Using lambdas
    • Using lambdas with standard algorithms
    • Assigning lambdas to function pointers
    • Lambdas and std::function
    • Writing a function that accepts a lambda as parameter
  • Polymorphic lambdas
  • Recursive lambdas
Exercise:  Understanding lambda
Exercise:  Using lambda to modify and display a vector
  • Memory Management
  • Memory Errors
  • Smart Pointers
    • Raw Pointers
    • Automatic pointers
    • Unique Pointers
    • Shared Pointers
    • Weak Pointers
Exercise:  Override new and delete
Exercise:  Understanding unique and shared pointers