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ac6 >> ac6-training >> Online Training >> Languages >> Comprehensive C++ Language for Embedded Systems Download Catalog Download as PDF Write us Printable version

oL30 Comprehensive C++ Language for Embedded Systems

formateur
Objectives
  • Master the C++ language
  • Use C++ Template (generic code) in Embedded Systems
  • Master the C++ Advanced aspects such as polymorphism, single and multiple inheritances.
  • Learn to redefine the C++ operators for dynamic memory allocation in embedded applications
  • Manage C++ exceptions for Secure Embedded applications
  • Use C++ objects to handle serial transmission / reception of character strings
  • Discover the modern C++ features
  • Learn the language changes in C++11, C++14, C++17 and C++20
  • Discover the new functionalities added to the standard library
  • Learn advanced modern C++ features like perfect forwarding
  • Moving from traditional C++ to modern C++
  • Emphasizing the essential modern C++ features used in embedded application
Labs are conducted on a QEMU-emulated ARM-based board
Prerequisite
Course environment
  • Theoretical course
    • PDF course material (in English)
    • Course dispensed using the Teams video-conferencing system
    • The trainer to answer trainees’ questions during the training and provide technical and pedagogical assistance through the Teams video-conferencing system
  • Practical activities
    • Practical activities represent from 40% to 50% of course duration
    • One Online Linux PC per trainee for the practical activities
    • The trainer has access to trainees’ Online PCs for technical and pedagogical assistance.
    • Eclipse environment and GCC compiler
    • STM32F4-Discovery, QEMU Emulated, board
    • Downloadable preconfigured virtual machine for post-course practical activities.
Duration
  • Total: 30 hours
  • 5 sessions, 6 hours each (excluding break time)
  • From 40% to 50% of training time is devoted to practical activities
  • Some Labs may be completed between sessions and are checked by the trainer on the next session

First Session
Introduction to C++ for industrial systems
  • Introduction to object oriented programming
  • History and definition
  • Overview on C++98/C++03/C++11/C++14/C++17/C++20
  • Modern C++ objectives
  • Switch from C to C++
  • Embedded C++
  • How to write optimized embedded code
Exercise:  Understand function mangling
Exercise:  Function inlining
Exercise:  Volatile variable handling
C++ and embedded systems
  • Object Oriented Programming in C++
    • Encapsulation
    • Classes and objects
    • Attributes and member functions
    • Object construction and destruction
    • Construction parameters
    • Copy constructor
    • Object composition and container
    • Scope qualifier operator
Exercise:  Declaring classes and methods
Exercise:  Working with default, copy and parameterized constructors
Exercise:  Understand the differences between composition and aggregation
Second Session
Operator Overloading
  • Optimizing parameter object passing
  • Overloading operators by member functions
  • Overloading operators by friend functions
  • Memory management operators overloading
Exercise:  The assignment operator
Exercise:  overloading operators
Simple Inheritance
  • Specialization by addition and substitution
  • Derivation and access rules
  • Construction during inheritance
  • Inheritance polymorphism
  • Virtual methods
Exercise:  Understand inheritance
Persistent and flashable objects
  • Constant and partially constant objects
  • Persistent objects
  • Flashable objects
Exercise:  Creating constant, mutable, persistent and ROMable objects
Enhancing security with exceptions
  • Launching, capturing and handling exceptions
  • Retriggering exception
  • Exceptions specifications
  • Handling unexpected exception
  • Exception objects of the C++ standard library
Exercise:  Handle errors using exceptions
Exercise:  Unexpected exceptions management
Third Session
C++ advanced techniques
  • Member pointers
  • Generic objects and templates
    • Classes and generic functions
    • Templates overloading
    • Specializing templates
    • STL (Standard Template Library)
    • Templates in embedded systems
  • Polymorphic objects
  • Virtual objects and abstract classes
  • Specializing objects by simple inheritance
    • Building derivate objects
    • Access control rules for inherited objects
    • Specializing objects by multiple inheritance
    • Conflicts resolution by scope operator
    • Virtual inheritance
Exercise:  Generic classes and functions
Exercise:  Understand virtual methods by subclassing a generic Device class
Exercise:  Understand multiple inheritance and virtual bases
Fourth Session
Introduction to modern C++
  • Overview
  • Storage class specifiers
  • Uniform initialization
  • C++ Named Requirements
  • Automatic type deduction
    • The auto keyword
    • The auto keyword as a return type from a function
    • Using auto for declaring function signatures
    • Automatic constant references
    • Forwarding references
    • Advantages of using auto in embedded systems
Exercise:  Using auto to declare variables
Keywords
  • Enum class
  • override and final
  • Inline variables
  • nullptr
  • static_assert
  • noexcept
  • constexpr and if constexpr
  • decltype
  • Defaulted and deleted functions
    • Implementing a thread-safe singleton
Exercise:  Using modern C++ keywords
Exercise:  Create a singleton using modern C++
New functionalities
  • Structured binding
  • Range-based for loops
  • Nested namespaces and namespace aliases
  • Alignment
    • Alignas
    • Alignof
  • Move semantics and r-value references
    • Copy-constructing and Move-constructing
    • r-value references
    • Perfect forwarding
Exercise:  Using the new for loop syntax
Exercise:  Using std::tuple
Exercise:  Move semantics performance advantages on embedded systems
Modern C++ Standard Library
  • Standard Library
    • std::optional
    • std::variant
    • std::any
    • std::byte
    • std::hash
    • Filesystem library
  • Literals
    • Cooked literals
    • Standard literal operators
    • Raw literals
    • Raw string literals
  • Random number generation
    • Random number generation engines
    • Random number generation distributors
  • Containers
    • std::array
    • std::forward_list
    • Unordered associative containers
Exercise:  Using the new elements added to the standard library
Exercise:  Using std::optional
Fifth Session
String Manipulation
  • New string Types
    • std::u16string
    • std::u32string
  • Basic string view
  • Converting between numeric and string types
  • Elementary string conversions
  • Input/output manipulators
    • std::get_money, std::put_money
    • std::get_time, std::put_time
    • std::quoted
  • Regular expressions
    • Format of a string
    • Parsing the content of a string
    • Replacing the content of a string
Exercise:  Using String class and String literals
Concurrency and Multithreading
  • Introduction
  • Thread
  • Atomic operations
    • Atomic features
    • Non-class functions
    • Atomic flag
    • Memory order
  • Mutex
    • Avoiding using recursive mutexes
  • Sending notifications between threads
  • Condition variables
  • Future and Promise
  • Task and Async
  • Modern C++ and RTOS
Exercise:  Blink synchronously 4 Leds
Lambda functions
  • Syntax of lambdas
  • Defining lambdas
  • Using lambdas
    • Using lambdas with standard algorithms
    • Assigning lambdas to function pointers
    • Lambdas and std::function
    • Writing a function that accepts a lambda as parameter
  • Polymorphic lambdas
  • Recursive lambdas
Exercise:  Understanding lambda
Exercise:  Using lambda to modify and display a vector
Dynamic memory management
  • Memory Management
  • Memory Errors
  • Smart Pointers
    • Raw Pointers
    • Automatic pointers
    • Unique Pointers
    • Shared Pointers
    • Weak Pointers
Exercise:  Override new and delete
Exercise:  Understanding unique and shared pointers